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DuraLabel's Weekly Safety News

Blog Author Angelique Sanders

Weekly safety news. Stay in touch with regulations from OSHA, NFPA, and other safety codes. Find out about other companies' best and worst practices. We scour the internet to provide you with helpful training resources and the latest safety information.


Monday, January 06, 2014

OSHA Significant Citations - Over $630,000 In Fines

OSHA defines a significant citation as one with more than $100,000 in proposed fines. An OSHA citation is a claim by OSHA that there has been a safety violation. It does not mean a violation has taken place, nor that the violation is as severe as claimed. The company has 15 days to contest OSHA claims.  The following are the citations OSHA announced last week that have total fines greater than $100,000.

OSHA cites Pure Power Technologies (Waukesha, WI) After Arc Flash ($119,000)
Reliable Castings Corp. Fined For Violations In Sidney, OH ($293,700)
Tip Top Roofing and Construction Cited For Fall Hazards ($103,000)
Terrell's Potato Chip Co. Faces Fines For Recurring Safety Hazards ($115,000)


Pure Power Technologies LLC has been cited by OSHA for one willful and seven serious safety violations after a worker was severely burned by an electrical arc flash on June 25. The maintenance supervisor was injured while servicing a 480-volt circuit breaker without proper electrical protective equipment at the company's Waukesha, Wisconsin iron foundry.

One willful violation was cited for failure to ensure protective equipment was used while operating the circuit breaker with the cover removed thus exposing workers to electrical shock, arc blast and flash hazards. A willful violation is one committed with intentional, knowing or voluntary disregard for the law's requirement, or with plain indifference to employee safety and health.

Additionally, seven serious violations were cited, including:
  • Failing to implement electrical safety-related work practices and use protective shields, barriers and insulating materials that would protect employees performing energized tasks.
  • Reenergizing circuits before determining conditions were safe to do so.
  • Failing to conduct air test on insulating rubber gloves prior to use and to electrically test gloves every six months.
  • Failing to conduct periodic inspections of machinery.
  • Lack of training in safety-related electrical work practices specific to their job assignments.
  • Re-energizing circuits before determining that the equipment and circuit could be safety energized.
A serious violation occurs when there is substantial probability that death or serious physical harm could result from a hazard about which the employer knew or should have known.

OSHA has proposed penalties of $119,000. To view the current citations, visit:
http://www.osha.gov/ooc/citations/PurePowerTechnologies_924585_1218_13.pdf

Columbia, S.C -based Pure Power Technologies employs about 1,000 workers at facilities in Columbia and Blythewood, S.C., and Bowling Green, Ky. The Waukesha-based iron metal casting foundry employs about 220 workers. The company has 15 business days from receipt of its citations and penalties to comply, request an informal conference with OSHA's area director, or contest the findings before the independent Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission.


Reliable Castings Corp. has been cited by OSHA for 14 safety and health violations, carrying proposed penalties of $293,700.  An inspection found workers were exposed to struck-by, crushing and amputation hazards at the Sidney, Ohio, aluminum die castings manufacturing facility.

"OSHA's inspectors found a facility with multiple hazards and where safety was continually compromised," said Kim Nelson, OSHA's area director in Toledo. "Reliable Castings Corporation has a responsibility to train its workers and to implement all required safety procedures."

One repeat violation was issued for failing to de-energize an industrial robot and implement lockout/tag out procedures prior to performing servicing and maintenance work on the equipment.

A repeat violation exists when an employer previously has been cited for the same or a similar violation of a standard, regulation, rule or order at any other facility in federal enforcement states within the last five years. A similar violation was cited in April at the same facility.

Four willful violations involved failing to:
  • develop lockout procedures for servicing and changing molds on various production cells
  • prevent exposure to molten aluminum splash hazards from the melting furnace
  • inspect chains on a daily basis
  • prevent use of an unapproved work platform to lift workers with the fork truck.
A willful violation is committed with intentional, knowing or voluntary disregard for the law's requirement, or plain indifference to employee safety and health.

Eight serious violations involved:
  • failing to install guardrails near ovens and floor openings to prevent fall hazards
  • perform protective equipment assessments
  • require the use of face shields and hard hats
  • ensure adequate guarding on 21 machines in the foundry areas
  • provide lockout procedures
  • ensure use of an electrical cabinet is protected from water
  • label lifting devices with load capacities
  • provide safety data sheets to workers.
An OSHA violation is serious if death or serious physical harm could result from a hazard an employer knew or should have known existed.

Reliable Castings Corp. was also cited for two other-than-serious violations for failing to have a hazard assessment certification and no load rating sign above a storage area. An other-than-serious violation is one that has a direct relationship to job safety and health, but probably would not cause death or serious physical harm.

The citations can be viewed at:
http://www.osha.gov/ ooc/citations/ReliableCastings_915799_914354_12_19_13.pdf.

Due to the nature and severity of violations, the company has been placed in OSHA's Severe Violator Enforcement Program, which mandates targeted follow-up inspections to ensure compliance with the law. OSHA's SVEP focuses on recalcitrant employers that endanger workers by committing willful, repeat or failure-to-abate violations. Under the program, OSHA may inspect any of the employer's facilities if it has reasonable grounds to believe there are similar violations.

Reliable Castings Corp. is based in Sidney, Ohio, and employs about 140 workers at that facility and about 130 workers at its Cincinnati location. OSHA has inspected the company 14 previous times since 1999, resulting in the 56 cited violations.

The company has 15 business days from receipt of the citations to comply, request an informal conference with OSHA's area director, or contest the citations and penalties before the independent Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission.


Tip Top Roofing & Construction Inc. (Sycamore, IL) has been cited by OSHA for four safety violations, carrying proposed penalties of $103,000, after two workers were observed installing asphalt shingles on a residential roof at heights of 10 and 18 feet without fall protection at a job site in DeKalb, IL on June 20. The inspection was initiated under the local emphasis program for fall protection.

Since 2008, the Sycamore-based company has been inspected five times, cited for similar violations, and cited for failing to provide abatement documentation to OSHA.

"It's unacceptable that Tip Top Roofing & Construction repeatedly fails in its responsibility to ensure workers use fall protection," said Kathy Webb, OSHA's area director in North Aurora. "Falls remain the leading cause of death in the construction industry, and companies must implement safeguards and create a culture of safety."

A willful violation involves failing to ensure workers use fall protection while performing residential roofing. A willful violation is one committed with intentional, knowing or voluntary disregard for the law's requirement, or with plain indifference to employee safety and health.

One repeat violation was cited for failing to have an extension ladder that can extend 3 feet over a landing surface.

A repeat violation exists when an employer previously has been cited for the same or a similar violation of a standard, regulation, rule or order at any other facility in federal enforcement states within the last five years. The same violation was cited in 2012 at another job site in Sycamore.

Two serious violations were cited for failing to maintain safety programs for fall protection and ladder safety and to have competent individuals inspect job sites regularly. A serious violation occurs when there is substantial probability that death or serious physical harm could result from a hazard about which the employer knew or should have known.

OSHA has created a Stop Falls Web page at http://www.osha.gov/stopfalls with detailed information in English and Spanish on fall protection standards. The page offers fact sheets, posters and videos that vividly illustrate various fall hazards and appropriate preventive measures. OSHA standards require that an effective form of fall protection, such as guardrails, safety nets or personal fall arrest systems, be in use when workers perform construction activities 6 feet or more above the next lower level.

To view the current citations, visit:
http://www.osha.gov/ooc/citations/TipTopCitations.pdf.

Tip Top Roofing & Construction has 15 business days from receipt of its citations and penalties to comply, request an informal conference with OSHA's area director, or contest the findings before the independent Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission.


OSHA has cited Terrell's Potato Chip Co. Inc. (Syracuse, NY) for 23 violations of workplace safety standards at its 218 Midler Park Drive manufacturing plant in Syracuse. The potato chip manufacturer faces $115,500 in fines following an inspection by OSHA's Syracuse Area Office opened June 27th as part of the agency's Site-Specific Targeting program.

"The sizable fines proposed here are the result of finding new and recurring hazards, such as exposing workers to amputations, fire and obstructed emergency exits, which could lead to serious injury," said Christopher Adams, OSHA's Syracuse area director. "It's not enough to correct hazards. For the safety and well-being of its workers, an employer also must take effective steps to ensure that hazards, once corrected, don't reappear."
  • The inspection identified several hazards similar to those cited during a 2009 OSHA inspection. The employer failed to:
  • ensure guarding on the operating parts of machinery, including a fryer, a peeler and packaging equipment
  • train workers on the unintended startup of machinery
  • secure stacked materials from collapsing or sliding
  • remove damaged electrical parts from service
  • keep work areas clean and orderly.
These conditions resulted in the company being cited for nine repeat violations, carrying $70,840 in proposed fines. A repeat violation exists when an employer has been cited previously for the same or a similar violation of a standard, regulation, rule or order at any of its facilities in federal enforcement states within the last five years.

Additional hazards included:
  • a locked exit door
  • blocked exit access
  • exit lighting not working properly
  • missing guardrails
  • fire extinguishers not fully charged
  • unlabeled containers of hazardous chemicals
  • an unsecured liquefied petroleum gas container
  • several electrical hazards. 
These led to citations for 14 serious violations with $44,660 in fines. A serious violation occurs when there is substantial probability that death or serious physical harm could result from a hazard about which the employer knew or should have known.

The citations can be viewed at:
http://www.osha.gov/ooc/citations/TerrellsPotatoChipsCo_915128_12_20_2013.pdf

Terrell's Potato Chip Co. Inc. has 15 business days from receipt of its latest citations and proposed penalties to comply, meet with OSHA's area director, or contest the findings before the independent Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission.


Related Past Posts:
OSHA End Of December Citations
Five Significant Citations Announced Last Week
Over $751,000 In Significant Citations

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